en ku Mulemma which is a poetry genre has a historical background in classical Eastern literatures and its first examples date back to the 10th century. Mulemma-shaped poems have been widely written by poets in Arab, Persian and Turkish literatures. Since the Kurds are also a part of Eastern literature, mulamma poems have an important place in classical Kurdish literature as well. According to the sources we have, the first examples of full mulammas in classical Kurdish literature date back to the 16th century. Again, according to the sources we have, the first complete mulamma example in classical Kurdish literature was written by Mela Mehmûd (Hemîdî) and many Kurdish poets wrote poems in different forms after Hemîdî. This study focuses on the history of mulamma and some examples of Islamic literature (Arabic, Persian and Turkish literatures). In addition, the history of mulamma in classical Kurdish literature was emphasized. In this study, firstly the definition of mulamma was emphasized and examples of Kurdish mulamma written until today were analyzed and classified. Mulemmas were examined according to their structures. Some examples on this subject were given. The framework of the complete and incomplete mulammas and the boundary with the telmi‘ were re-evaluated.
Mulemma,definition,classification,Classical Kurdish Literature