In Russian history, for the first time found in XII. century, the name of Moscow is along the centuries the most important settlement, civilization, religion, education, culture and arts center of Russian people. By Czarina Elizabeth In XVIII century, Moscow experienced the largest growth and Moscow University was founded in 1755. The following year, with the support of the University management Russia's first national magazine and newspaper begin publishing. During this period, for the development of literature, in Moscow are established literary communities consecutively. In XVIII century, the literary path, opened by Lomonosov, Karamzin, Fonvizin, Derjavin etc. real progress and power of literature in Moscow reveals the influence of romanticism and realism in XIX. century. From 1817 Pushkin begins to give first works. Pushkin's literary works successively mark the Russian literature and history. Literary newspapers and magazines see the light. Lermontov and Gogol the most important names of that period. In a large accelerating Russian literature, writers as Dostoyevsky, Turgenev, Tolstoy, Chekhov etc. in their works common point is Moscow, which is greatly praised. In this paper, we focused on the role of Moscow in XIX century Russian literary history and Moscow’s signs in these literary works.
Moscow, XIX. century Russian literature, Russian romantism, Russian realism, Capital city