2016 - A. Olivera, R. Visser -
Özet:The productivity of fast-growing forest plantation stands varies across short distances depending on site and forest characteristics. This indicates that forest managers would benefit from a site-specific approach to forest management. One tool used to characterise such productivity variations is a yield map, and a cost-effective source of data for these maps is automatically collected by harvesters. In order to generate such maps, it is necessary to understand the effect of geospatial accuracy of tree location recorded by the harvester. Methods: This study investigated data sets from four stands, and very accurate tree location was available for two of these. The tree-location data for the remaining two sites were collected by a harvester and contained some inaccuracies associated with Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) recording under forest canopy and the physical dislocation of the GNSS. The GNSS unit is on the cabin of the machine, but the tree is felled using a boom and could be up to 12 m from the cabin. Results: A suitable spatial resolution for studying variations in stand productivity, mean tree volume, and stocking rate across stands were established that enabled useful forest-yield maps from harvester data to be developed. Conclusions: By assessing variability in volume per hectare, stocking rate, and mean tree volume across a range of cell sizes from 10 × 10 to 100 × 100 m, we conclude that a cell length between 30 and 40 m is suitable for use as a reference when calculating volume per hectare and mean stem volume, while a 60-m-long cell is more suitable for evaluating stocking density. The variability pattern is consistent for the various accuracy levels. When the known positions of trees are relatively inaccurate, using mean tree volume and stocking rate per cell might be a method for mapping productivity from harvester data.