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TÜRKMEN TÜRKÇESİNDE DUDAK BENZEŞMESİ (LABIAL SINGARMONIZM)

2019 - Savaş ŞAHİN -

Özet:It is observed that labial harmony has emerged in the last period of Ottoman Turkish in which the labial harmony in Turkish is not very strong starting from Old Turkish. There are various reasons of labialisation in Turkish. The decline of the / g /, / ġ / consonants in Old Turkish, the effect of lip consonants similarities are the leading causes of deterioration. The reason of labialisation in some words is not understood. In Turkish, labialisation is not shown in written language, but labialisation is observed in the spoken language. Old Anatolian Turkish, Ottoman Turkish in the Anatolian dialects; In some of the dialects of Oghuz, Kipchak, Karluk and North-east groups, labialisation is seen clearly in the spoken language. Although round vowels in the standard written language in Turkmen Turkish are not shown in the written language after certain syllables, it is observed that there are roundings in the spoken language. These roundings are also seen in some Turkmen dialects. The fact that there was no labial vowel in Turkmen Turkish after the second syllable caused deterioration of the lip harmony. If we come to the standard written language, there are nearly forty suffixes in the linguistic harmony in Turkmen Turkish. Roundings not shown in the written language of Turkmen Turkish are seen only in the spoken language. Roundings in Turkmen Turkish may vary depending on the thickness or fineness of the vowels, their wide or narrowness, their length or shortness, the syllable of the word, the number of syllables, the suffixes to the word and the sound characteristics of the dialect spoken by the speeches. The lengths seen in Turkmen Turkish do not change the labial harmony in narrow-rounded vowels. The narrow vowel in the second syllable, spelling is written in the famous letters, but the round is said with a famous. In this study, the roundings seen in the Turkic language, which are not seen in the written language, but which are seen in the spoken language, are discussed. This issue is considered to be studied in detail because it is an issue that create troubles for people trying to learn or speak Turkmen Turkish.

Anahtar Kelime:Labial Singarmonizm, labial atraction, TurkmTurkish, labial atraction in Turkish dialect Labial Singarmonizm

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