2018 - Ayhan Yıldız -
Özet:The literary works with the type of akidename in Kurdish literature are widely seen in the literature of theology and they have a history of nearly three centuries. In line with the historical development of the science of Kalam in Islamic literature in Arabic, Persian and Turkish, writing poems on credendum/faith has become a literary tradition. Kurdish madrasah scholars also participated in this tradition by writing works in their mother tongue. Ahmedê Xanî (17th century) is one of the leading ones among those who produce that kind of works. Xanî's poetic work titled Akideya İmanê became an exemplary work for many literary scholars. However, some of the literary scholars have written this type of work in the form of prose. Akidenames handle the topics of the pillars of the faith; the belief to Allah, angels, holy books, prophets, the doomsday, fate and the Judgement Day. In addition to these topics, some akides were also written about the questions of the science of Kalam such as the miracles of the prophets, saints, the punishment of the grave, and the actions of mortals. In addition to these works written mostly in Kurmanci, there are also some works written in Gorani, Sorani, and Zazaki. It is seen that almost twenty works of this kind are written in the form of poetry and prose in Kurmanci, followed by five akidename in Zazaki, and one in Sorani and Gorani. The vast majority of the poetic akidenames were written in "masnavi" type of verse, however, some of them were written in the form of qasida.
Anahtar Kelime:Kurmanci, Sorani, Gorani, and Zazaki, Islamic Faith