Managers have always searched some ways to improve performance of workers and effectiveness of organizations. Presently, it’s getting more important to prevent performance loss under intensely competetive and dynamic circumstances. Since team work has become more weighty in organisations, it has been a necessity for managers to cope with social loafing. Social loafing is the tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working collectively than when working individually. In this study, the literature about definition, content, background, development, reasons and antecedents of social loafing concept are summarized and argued; finally suggestions are offered for reducing social loafing in organisations.
Social Loafing, Social Impact, Collective Effort Model, Evaluation Potential