2020 - Fecri YAVİ - https://doi.org/10.29000/rumelide.705510
Özet:Labial harmony is one of the most prominent features of Turkish. This feature was largely preserved in the Old Turkish period, but began to deteriorate in Western Turkish. Old Anatolian Turkish is the most unstable period of Turkish in point of labial harmony. A number of phonetic effects underlie this and also some words are observed to contain disharmonized labialization for no particular reason. Disharmonized structures are tied to vowel harmony in Classical Ottoman Turkish. However, this process did not take place immediately and both disharmonized as well as harmonized forms of suffixes and words had been used for a period. A certain amount of time is required for a language such as Turkish, which is spread across a wide geography and has spoken as a language of empires, to form, evolve and change. Analyzing works of the transition period is necessary in order to identify the rates at which suffixes become dependent upon harmony over the course of history and thus their status to harmonize. We are of the opinion that this study conducted on examples taken from the work titled Hikâyet-i Üveysü’l- Karanî penned by an author who went under the pseudonym Sabâyî would contribute to shed light on the process of lip rounding-based vowel harmony, its historical evolution of written Anatolian Turkish in this process and transition stages to which its present systematic structure owes. Suffixes having a dual use are frequently encountered in the work. As a result of this study, words and suffixes containing unrounded or rounded vowels were identified and their examples were presented. However, structures, which are, in fact, important and will shed light on this period, are their dual use. These dual usages are also seen in suffixes as in words.
Anahtar Kelime:Labial harmony, Western Turkish, Classical Ottoman Turkish, transition period