2017 - Cengiz Erkan,Habip Kızıltaş -
Özet:Several features, such as difficult to control mating behavior and the storage of sperms in spermatheca, distinguish the honey bee colonies from other livestock. Within their strong social structure, basically, there thousands of worker bees, hundreds of drones depending on the season, and one single queen bee regarded as the parent of the colony. Since the queen bee is the only individual that can normally lay eggs in the colony, studies on queen breeding are becoming increasingly significant. However, at the same time, the significance and breeding of drones are ignored. In fact, the characteristics of the drones that mate with the queen directly affect the colony productivity. Furthermore, due to the fact that drones have a limited breeding season when compared to the queen bees, the limiting factor in beekeeping is the presence of drones. The lack of adequate number of quality drones in the mating season results in low seminal stock, shortens the life span of the queen bee and reduces the colony. Thus, drone breeding programs should be developed, which include the establishment of strong drone breeding colonies with the desired characteristics and feeding of these colonies during the predetermined periods.
Anahtar Kelime:Honey bee, beekeeping, quebee, drone